Apple Keyboard Codes

Mac OS X Keyboard Shortcuts

Normal key functions with the Caps key off, starting from top left with the key that has the symbol ` and ~ and then going from left to right heading all the way down to the last key with the symbol / and ?:

Starts off as ` 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 - = q w e r t y u i o p [ ] \ a s d f g h j k l ; ' z x c v b n m , . /

Now starting from the beginning again, still with the Caps key off, this time hold the Shift key down:

Starts off as ~ ! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) _ + Q W E R T Y U I O P { } | A S D F G H J K L : " Z X C V B N M < > ?

Now we go back again to the beginning, still with the caps key off, hold down the Option key:

Starts off as ` ¡ ™ £ ¢ ∞ § ¶ • ª º – ≠ œ ∑ ´ ® † ¥ ¨ ˆ ø π “ ‘ « å ß ∂ ƒ © ˙ ∆ ˚ ¬ … æ Ω ≈ ç √ ∫ ˜ µ ≤ ≥ ÷

This time the Caps key must be turned on, then hold down the Option key:

Starts off as ` ¡ ™ £ ¢ ∞ § ¶ • ª º – ≠ Œ ∑ ´ ® † Á ¨ ˆ Ø ∏ “ ‘ « Å Í Î Ï © Ó Ô ˚ Ò … Æ Ω ≈ Ç √ ı ˜  ≤ ≥ ÷

This time we will use both the Shift key plus the Option key. With the caps key off, press the Shift key and hold down, then press the Option key and hold down, then starting from the top left press all the keys to get the symbols:

Starts off as ` ⁄ € ‹ › fi fl ‡ ° · ‚ — ± Œ „ ´ ‰ ˇ Á ¨ ˆ Ø ∏ ” ’ » Å Í Î Ï ˝ Ó Ô  Ò Ú Æ ¸ ˛ Ç ◊ ı ˜  ¯ ˘ ¿

With the Caps key on, the results are the same:

Starts off as ` ⁄ € ‹ › fi fl ‡ ° · ‚ — ± Œ „ ´ ‰ ˇ Á ¨ ˆ Ø ∏ ” ’ » Å Í Î Ï ˝ Ó Ô  Ò Ú Æ ¸ ˛ Ç ◊ ı ˜  ¯ ˘ ¿

Special keys: to get the symbol ˜ on top of the letter n, hold down the Option key and then press the letter n to get the symbol ˜, then release the Option key and then press the n key and the result will be this ñ.

To get the apple symbol , press and hold down the Shift key and then press and hold down the Option key, then lastly press the k button key and you have the Apple  symbol. ( The Apple symbol is not viewable on a PC)



Grave Accents

Letters or vowels with a grave accent, a symbol like ´ sitting atop of a vowel like so á

To get the symbol ` to sit atop of the letter a, press down the option key and then press the key with the symbol ` then with the option key released press the letter a and you will have à…

Next, to get the symbol ¨ to sit atop of the letter a, press down the option key and then press the letter u to get the symbol ¨ and then with the option key released press the letter a, and you will have ä…

Next, to get the symbol ˜ to sit atop of the letter a, press down the option key and then press the letter n to get the symbol ˜ and then with the option key released press the letter a, and you will have ã…

Next, to get the symbol ´ to sit atop of the letter a, press down the option key and then press the letter e to get this symbol ´ and then with the option key released press the letter a, and you will have á…

Next, to get the symbol ˆ to sit atop of the letter a, press down the option key and then press the letter i to get this symbol ˆ and then with the option key released press the letter a, and you will have â…etc


Exposé

Exposé is a feature of OS X which allows users to quickly open or hide a window.

Action Keyboard Shortcut
Expose all open windows F9
Expose all windows in one application F10
Hide windows and reveal the desktop F11
Cycle through Exposéd Windows Press Tab key and hold down, then press F9 or F10
Slow motion Exposé keys Hold down the Shift key and then press F9 or F10













Keyboard Shortcuts:

Action

Shortcut

Move one character to the left Left Arrow
Move one character to the right Right Arrow
Move to the line above Up Arrow
Move to the line below Down Arrow
Move to the beginning of current or previous word Option-Left Arrow
Move to the end of current or next word Option-Right Arrow
Move to the beginning of the current line Command-Left Arrow
Move to the end of the current line Command-Right Arrow
Move to the beginning of the current paragraph Option-Up Arrow
Move to the end of the current paragraph Option-Down Arrow
Scroll to the beginning of the document Home
Move to the beginning of the document Command-Up Arrow
Scroll to the end of the document End
Move to the end of the document Command-Down Arrow


Action

Shortcut

Select one or more characters Click in front of the first character and drag across the characters you want to select
Select a word Double-click the word
Select a paragraph Triple-click in the paragraph
Select all inline text and objects Command-A
Deselect all inline text and objects Shift-Command-A
Extend text selection Click in the text, then Shift-click in another location in the text
Extend selection one character to the right Shift-Right Arrow
Extend selection one character to the left Shift-Left Arrow
Extend selection to end of current word Shift-Option-Right Arrow
Extend selection to beginning of current word Shift-Option-Left Arrow
Extend selection to end of current line Shift-Command-Left Arrow
Extend selection to beginning of current line Shift-Command-Left Arrow
Extend selection to the line above Shift-Up Arrow
Extend selection to the line below Shift-Down Arrow
Extend selection to beginning of the current paragraph Shift-Option-Up Arrow
Extend selection to end of the current paragraph Shift-Option-Down Arrow
Extend selection to end of text Shift-Command-Down Arrow or Shift-End
Extend selection to beginning of text Shift-Command-Up Arrow or Shift-Home
Select multiple words or blocks of text that are not next to each other Select the first text you want, and then select additional text while holding down the Command key


Action

Shortcut

Show fonts window Command-T
Show styles drawer Shift-Command-T
Apply a paragraph, character, or list style F1 through F8, if you've assigned them in the Styles drawer
Bold Command-B
Italic Command-I
Underline Command-U
Delete previous character or selection Delete
Delete the next character or selection Del (not available on all keyboards)
Make font size bigger Command-plus sign (+), command-equal sign (=)
Make font size smaller Command-minus sign (-)
Make text superscript Control-Command-plus sign (+)
Make text subscript Control-Command-minus sign (-)
Align text flush left Command-{
Center text Command-|
Align text flush right Command-}
Align text flush left and flush right (justify) Option-Command-|
Decrease list indent level Command-[
Increase list indent level Command-]
Edit hyperlink text without disabling hyperlinks Arrow keys into hyperlink text
Cut Command-X
Copy Command-C
Copy paragraph style Option-Command-C
Copy character style Option-Shift-Command-C
Paste Command-V
Paste character or paragraph style Option-Command-V
Paste and match style of destination text Option-Shift-Command-V
Insert non-breaking space Option-Space bar
Insert line break (soft return) Shift-Return
Insert page break Command-Enter
Insert paragraph break Return


Action

Shortcut

Draw a floating text box, shape, table, or chart Option-click the Text Box, Shapes, Table, or Chart toolbar button; then drag to size
Select all floating objects Select one floating object and press Command-A
Deselect all floating objects Select one floating object and press Command-Shift-A
Select or deselect additional objects Command-click, Shift-click
Add range to (or remove it from) selection Shift-drag, Command-drag
Move selected object one point Arrow key
Move selected object ten points Shift-Arrow key
Send object to the back Shift-Command-B
Send object one layer back Option-Command-B
Bring object to the front Shift-Command-F
Bring object one layer forward Option-Shift-Command-F
Group objects Option-Command-G
Ungroup objects Option-Shift-Command-G
Lock objects Command-L
Unlock objects Option-Command-L
Duplicate object Command-D, Option-drag
Constrain movement of object to 45-degrees Shift-drag
Resize object Drag handle
Resize object from center Option-drag handle
Constrain aspect ratio when resizing object from center Option-Shift-drag handle
Constrain aspect ratio when resizing object Shift-drag handle
Rotate object Command-drag handle
Rotate object 45-degrees Shift-Command-drag handle
Rotate object around opposite handle (instead of center) Command-Option-drag handle
Rotate object 45-degrees around opposite handle (instead of center) Shift-Command-Option-drag handle
Turn off alignment guides Command-drag
Mask or unmask object Shift-Command-M
Exit mask mode Return, Command-Return, Enter, double-click
Reenter mask mode Double-click the masked image
Open shortcut menu for selected item Control-click
Exit text edit mode and select object Command-Return
Choose an object to insert Shift-Command-V
Define as placeholder text Control-Option-Command-T
Define object as media placeholder Control-Option-Command-I


Action

Shortcut

Select all table borders or cell content, depending on initial selection Command-A
Delete selected table, border or border segment, or contents of selected cells Delete
Constrain the movement of the table and snap to guides Shift-drag table
Replace contents of selected cell with contents of destination cell Drag selected cell to another cell
Copy contents of selected cell into destination cell Option-drag selected cell to another cell
Extend selection from selected cell to destination cell Shift-click in destination cell
Select cell Click cell of selected table or double-click cell of unselected table
Add cell to (or remove it from) selection Command-click selected or unselected cell
Enter text edit mode Return or enter (in cell selection mode)
Stop editing text and select cell Command-Return
Select border Click border of selected table or double-click border of unselected table
Add border to (or remove it from) selection Command-click or Shift-click border
Select border segment Click or double-click if the table isn't selected
Add border segment to (or remove it from) selection Shift-click border segment or Command-click border segment
Move border or border segment to new position Drag border or border segment
Move selected table, border, or border segment one point Arrow keys
Move selected table, border, or border segment ten points Shift-arrow keys
Select next cell to the left, right, up, or down Arrow keys (in cell selection mode)
Extend cell selection by one cell Shift-arrow keys (in cell selection mode)
Select text in next cell or if last cell is selected add a new row Tab
Select text in previous cell Shift-Tab
Stop editing cell and select the table Command-click the selected cell
Insert a tab Option-Tab (in text edit mode)
Open table formatting menu for selected table or cells Control-click table
Create a table by dragging Option-click Table in toolbar, and then drag to size
Open Formula Editor for selected non-formula cell =
Open Formula Editor for cell containing formula or formatted number =, Return, Enter, or double-click
In Formula Editor, save changes Return, Enter, Accept button
In Formula Editor, discard changes Escape, Cancel button


Action

Shortcut

Show or hide Chart Data Editor Shift-Command-D
Complete a cell entry and move the selection down Return
Complete a cell entry and move the selection up Shift-Return
Complete a cell entry and move the selection to the right Tab
Complete a cell entry and move the selection to the left Shift-Tab
Move one character left, right, to the beginning of text (up), or to the end of text (down) Arrows keys (in text edit mode)
Complete a cell entry and select the cell Enter
Move one cell in a given direction Arrows keys (in cell selection mode)
Move to the beginning of the row Home
Move to the last nonblank cell at the end of the row End
Extend the selection by one cell Shift-Arrow keys
Extend the selection to the beginning of the row Shift-Home
Extend the selection to the end of the row Shift-End


Action

Shortcut

Make a custom shape editable Click the shape, then click again
Move a point of an editable shape Click point and drag to another location
Delete a point of an editable shape Click point and press Delete
Add a point to an editable shape Option-click the shape border where you want to add a point
Change a corner point of an editable shape into a curved point Double-click the corner point
Change a curved point of an editable shape into a corner point Double-click the curved point
Reshape the curve of an editable shape Click a point on the curve and move the control handles


Action

Shortcut

Show page thumbnails Option-Command-P
Select section above current section Shift-Up Arrow
Select section below current section Shift-Down Arrow
Extend selection from current section to section above Shift-Up Arrow
Extend selection from current section to section below Shift-Down Arrow
Move between pages Page Up and Page Down
Select first section Home
Select last section End
Select all sections Command-A


Action

Shortcut

Open new document (You can choose the type of document you want to open in Pages Preferences.) Command-N
Open new document from template chooser Shift-Command-N
Open existing document Command-O
Save Command-S
Save as Shift-Command-S
Print Command-P
Page setup Shift-Command-P
Pages help Command-?
Find Command-F
Find next Command-G
Find previous Shift-Command-G
Use selection for find Command-E
Scroll to found selection Command-J
Show search sidebar Option-Command-F
Check spelling Command-semicolon (;)
Show spelling window Command-colon (:)
Zoom in Command->
Zoom out Command-<
Close window Command-W
Minimize window Command-M
Show preferences Command-comma (,)
Show Inspector window Option-Command-I
Show document rulers Command-R
Show layout Shift-Command-L
Show formatting characters (invisibles) Shift-Command-I
Show colors window Shift-Command-C
Hide Pages Command-H
Hide other windows Option-Command-H
Quit Pages Command-Q


The key with the Apple  symbol on it is the Command key

To take pictures of your Mac Screen or a web page, press and hold down the Command key, then press and hold down the Shift key and then lastly press the numerical number 3, and the whole screen is captured. For a Mac OS X 10.2 and later the file is saved as a pdf.

To capture just part of the screen or a web page, press and hold down the Command key, then press and hold down the Shift key, then press the numerical number 4 and then drag to select the area that you want to capture.

To Copy and Paste: Click and drag on the specific targeted area, once it is highlighted then press down the Control and click to copy. To paste your target on another page or in the notepad, click and then hold down the Option key and click again to paste.

Other Key Functions:

By pressing the Control key plus either of the Arrow keys will send your project off-screen. And then by pressing on the appropriate Arrow key will restore your project back onscreen. This can also work by pressing the Control key plus the numerical numbers 2,3 or 4 which will take your project off-screen, and pressing the numerical number 1 will bring them back onscreen.

In the project that you are working in, by pressing the Command key plus the F5 key will turn on the Voice Command, by pressing the Command key plus the F5 key again will turn it off.

Press the Option key plus the F15 key to bring up Systems preferences.

Press both the F14 and the F15 keys to adjust brightness.

Pressing the F12 key loads up your widgets onscreen, if you're online

Pressing the F11 key takes up or takes your project off screen, and by pressing F11 again will bring everything back on screen.

Pressing the F10 key will darken the background screen and display the project that you are working on, but you will not be able to type or work on it unless the F10 key, the Space bar, the Return key or the Esc key are pressed to reset the screen.

Pressing the F9 key spreads your work out on the screen so that you know what projects you have open. Then you can choose a project to continue working with by using the Arrow keys to highlight the appropriate project. Then press the Enter key to bring the project to the fore.

Pressing the F8 key brings up the Four work Spaces. Press F9 to separate them, and then individually drag them into the empty boxes. To work on a particular project, just click on the appropriate box to open the project onscreen. To put everything back in the same box, just press F8 again and then simply drag everything into the original box and press the Enter key or the F8 key to reset all projects back onscreen.

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